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ChinawantstodiscussTiaoyutais

[2020-08-13 10:30] 来源: 申博管理登入

<>Tensions continue to mount over the Tiaoyutais, known as the Senkakus in Japan. Shintaro Ishihara, governor of Tokyo, is collecting contributions from across Japan to buy three of the uninhabited Senkaku Islands and place them under the joint control of his metropolis and the city of Ishigaki, one of the Ryukyu Islands of the prefecture of Okinawa. One of the three islands he wishes to buy is Uotsuri-jima, which is Tiaoyu in Chinese and the largest of the small archipelago. What does he want to buy them for? He said as the Japanese government cannot protect the tiny islets “Tokyo will protect the Senkakus,” and said “The Japanese are acquiring the islands to protect our own territory. Would anyone have a problem with that?” The People's Republic of China has a problem with Ishihara, of course.

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<>So the Japanese ministry of defense is convinced that the People's Liberation Armyis holding a large, long sea maneuver in the Pacific for the first time, flexing its military muscle in a show of force against Japan and the United States, the ally supposed to help protect the Senkakus.

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<>According to the information confirmed and released by the defense ministry, a PLA Navy flotilla crossed what is known as the line of the first island chain into the Western Pacific from the East China Sea on last Tuesday, moving down south along the offshore of Taiwan toward the Philippines. There are five warships in the small fleet, including a Luyang missile destroyer, a Jiangkai frigate and a Yujiao landing ship. They are heading for Guam in a formation that the Japanese military said is to protect an absent aircraft carrier lacking sufficient defense capability against air attacks, like the Variag China has purchased from Russia and the one it is building. The PLA Navy is said to use the Variag as a carrier for training purposes and Guam is the largest American military base in the Western Pacific, to which the United States is removing most of its marines from Okinawa. The Chinese sea maneuver, which is the first of its kind in the Pacific, may not be a tit-for-tat one against a Japanese joint exercise that took place from Nov. 14 to 18 last year but was made known on the same Tuesday.

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<>During the five-day war game — by which the Japanese defense forces seem to be telling Governor Ishihara they will defend the Senkakus — though not held there, 35,000 personnel of the three services took back Tiaoyu which had been occupied by Chinese “fishermen” after land, sea and air battles.

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<>According to the scenario, China's marine militiamen pretending to be fishermen landed on Uotsuri-jima and the PLA Navy sent warships, Marines and paratroops to the Senkakus for the protection of the “fishermen.” In the meantime, the PLA Air Force intruded into the Japanese air territory over Kyushu. The Japanese defense forces dispatched infantry to the island, engaged Chinese warplanes in air battles, while Japanese fighter-bombers attacked Chinese vessels, to finally drive the Chinese troops out of the Senkakus, which are also claimed by China and Taiwan as their domain. The West Japan Infantry Regiment stationed in Nagasaki was the main force of the Japanese counterattack. The regiment was rushed to Uotsuri-jima aboard landing ships of the Sea Self-Defense Force from Sasebo to retake the island, while the warships from the Sasebo Base and fighter-bombers of the Air Self-Defense Force from Tsukigi Air Base in Fukuoka, Nittahara Air Base in Miyazaki, and Naha Air Base on Okinawa repelled the invading PLA fleet and warplanes. Moreover, anti-air artillery and Patriot surface-to-air missile units blocked the Chinese air attacks.

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<>The scenario made the Japanese defense forces fight it out alone against the Chinese, but Japan expected the United States to help fight the Chinese invasion, for Washington has a mutual security agreement with Tokyo, which covers the defense of the Senkakus returned to Japan in 1972 together with all other islands of the Ryukyu Islands.

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<>The military of a country has to have a potential enemy. The Japanese brass hats considered the United States their sole potential enemy after their Kwangtung Army was defeated by the Soviets in 1939. A massive fleet of aircraft carriers was built and Pearl Harbor attacked at the end of 1941. Japan's potential enemy after World War II was the Soviet Union, and so a mutual security agreement was signed with Uncle Sam to earn coverage of a nuclear protection umbrella. With the fall of the Soviet empire, the potential enemy is the People's Republic. All Japanese military maneuvers are war games to fight the Chinese. So it is only natural for the Self-Defense Forces to conduct their November joint exercise, but the scenario is wrong.

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<>Is it even remotely possible for China to send disguised fishermen to the Tiaoyutais for occupation? Remember the Japanese have always started a war of invasion except the two for defense against the Mongols in the thirteenth century, while China never tried to conquer any part of the world save the brief period of its being under Mongolian Yuan rule. A China rising in peace would never want to fight a war against Japan over the Tiaoyutais, no matter how desperately it needs to tap the undersea oil reserves of the tiny uninhabited archipelago. The Japanese Joint Chiefs of Staff had better come up with a more likely excuse to start a war of defense against the People's Republic.

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<>Neither should they think the Chinese sea maneuver is a saber-rattling against Japan. Against the Philippines, it is. The Filipinos are under a very popular, jingoistic President Benigno Aquino III, who wants to monopolize the development of oil reserves of Scarborough Shoal which Manila claims along with Beijing and Taipei as its territory. To plant the stakes for undersea oil, the Philippine Navy is patrolling the area to drive away or catch Chinese fishermen to cause confrontation with China for the past month. Long before the confrontation, however, the Philippines began to beef up its Navy and conducted a joint sea maneuver with the United States. China certainly wants to serve a warning against President Aquino.

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<>But the fact is that both the Japanese joint exercise and the Chinese sea maneuver are counterproductive. The People's Republic, Japan, and the Philippines should not play this game of bluffing.

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<>They should begin dialogue instead. But it's Tokyo and Manila, not Beijing, that don't want to come to the negotiating table.

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<>〈本文仅供参考,不代表本会立场〉

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